Reissue of PA See Section III. Additional Information on Eligibility. The purpose of this funding opportunity announcement FOA is to encourage behavioral intervention development research. Research of interest includes but is not limited to Stage I research, including: 1 drug abuse treatment interventions, including interventions for patients with comorbidities; 2 drug abuse treatment and adherence interventions; 3 drug abuse treatment and adherence interventions that utilize technologies to boost effects and increase implementability and sustainability; 4 interventions to prevent the acquisition or transmission of HIV infection among individuals in drug abuse treatment; 5 interventions to promote adherence to drug abuse treatment, HIV and addiction medications; and 6 interventions to treat substance misuse and chronic pain.
Partner abuse PA affects approximately , pregnant women annually. Pregnant women who experience PA are at high risk for adverse postpartum outcomes that include homicide, high utilization of medical care as well as physical and psychological difficulties. The mental health outcomes of PA, that is posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD and depression, transform the postpartum period from an already challenging process into a potentially overwhelming one, which may threaten the well-being of the mother, infant, and her other children.
There are at present no evidence-based interventions for marijuana use during pregnancy, despite its being by far the most commonly used illicit drug during pregnancy particularly among African-American women , and despite growing evidence that it may have a range of long-term cognitive and neurobehavioral consequences e. Further, as with other substances of abuse, the majority of persons needing treatment for marijuana use disorder neither receive nor want it SAMHSA, Universal screening and brief intervention in primary care settings, which has shown significant promise with alcohol and tobacco use, has thus been recommended for further investigation with respect to marijuana use in pregnancy Minnes, et al. However, implementation of brief interventions in medical settings has been limited by a range of substantial obstacles such as lack of time and willingness among providers, and difficulty maintaining adherence to key brief intervention principles.
R34 Planning Grant. See Section III. Additional Information on Eligibility.